Every year, John Shackelford, 26, a bicycle messenger in New York City, takes what he calls a “tour,” or long-distance ride with friends. Following a summer of social unrest sparked by the murders of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor and other Black Americans at the hands of police, the 2020 tour, he decided, would travel roughly 1,100 miles from Mobile, Ala., to Washington, D.C., visiting places associated with Black history, including Civil Rights landmarks, history museums and memorials such as the National Memorial for Peace and Justice in Montgomery, Ala. The pandemic was an obstacle to visiting some sites, but not enough to hold back the ride.
It was both a personal mission and a demonstration of diversity, something Mr. Shackelford, who is Black, hoped to model for future generations of cyclists. From this kernel of an idea, a movement grew as a film crew signed on to document the trip named the Underground Railroad Ride, which took Mr. Shackelford and four fellow cyclists 18 days to complete in October; a sixth rider did half the route.
“With all the anger and animosity going on, I felt this was the time to bring something important to the surface and answer some questions I’ve always had in terms of history,” Mr. Shackelford said.
The crises of 2020 — particularly the pandemic and the killings of Black Americans — have caused many travelers to rethink how and where to travel. Rather than taking luxury spa trips or sun-and-fun cruises, many are seeking to put more meaning into their future travels, either through a personal challenge like long-distance cycling, exploring their heritage or realizing a life goal such as visiting all 50 states.
While this sort of planning is often spurred by personal milestones or New Year’s resolutions, the slow and sometimes anguished passage of time during the past year has galvanized some to resolve not to waste more time in pursuing their long-term goals or those newly hatched during the pandemic. The recent rollout of vaccines gives some hope that they may be able to enact their plans sometime in the next year or two.
Mission-driven trips also assert a heightened sense of self-awareness. In her book “Getting Away From It All: Vacations and Identity,” the author and sociologist Karen Stein writes that “vacations reveal what people choose to do, rather than what they must do. They are opportunities for self-definition.”
It’s impossible to quantify the number of mission-driven travelers out there, especially when travel remains severely depressed and restricted in many places, but tour operators indicate some future travelers may do more than fly and flop. At Hands Up Holidays, a tour operator devoted to volunteer travel for families, bookings for trips more than six months out are two and a half times greater now than in January 2020; restoring homes in New Orleans is its most popular trip.
During the pandemic, the California-based travel agency CrushGlobal Travel created road trip guides in several regions of the United States that aim to make road trips more inclusive by highlighting Black-owned businesses.
And the tour company Backroads, which provided the Underground Railroad Ride with mapping and route logistics, plans to offer a similarly themed biking and hiking trip to the public next October in conjunction with Outdoor Afro, a nonprofit organization that encourages Black participation in outdoor recreation and conservation.
“The pandemic has given our world an opportunity to look within as well as at tourism, which is so catalytic to personal growth and raising awareness of ourselves and others,” said Jake Haupert, the co-founder of the Transformational Travel Council, an organization that, among other things, trains travel advisers in planning more sustainable, purpose-led travel. “I think we’re seeing an awakening to more values-driven travel.”
‘Covid has made me rethink everything’
That sort of awakening is true for Cessie Cerrato, 40, of New York City, who said the pandemic inspired her to overcome her family’s objections and make plans to visit Cuba, a country her grandparents and parents fled several years after the Communist takeover.
“I 100-percent identify as Cuban,” said Ms. Cerrato, a publicist who grew up in Miami, deeply steeped in Cuban traditions, from Christmas Eve pig roasts to wearing azabache jewelry to ward off the evil eye.
Though her family has discouraged her from traveling to Cuba, which would funnel money to a regime that had ruptured their lives, not being able to travel has convinced her to go anyway, perhaps this summer, to explore her heritage and strengthen her connections (the Trump administration’s recent addition of Cuba onto the government’s list of state sponsors of terrorism represents a new obstacle).
“Covid has made me rethink everything and to be more intentional about where I go,” Ms. Cerrato said. “Cuba holds a special place in my heart because my family’s from there and I want to discover it.”
During the travel shutdown, fewer tourists contributed to a rise in poaching in some areas of Africa, highlighting the importance of travel in funding conservation.
For sisters Isabella and Willow Poschman, both 15, of Aspen, Colo., the hiatus has pushed Africa to the top of their agendas. At age 7, after seeing a documentary on African elephants being slaughtered for their ivory, the twins, with the help of their parents, founded the charity Kids Saving Elephants through which they have worked to raise awareness by writing letters to the presidents of China, Kenya and the United States, making educational presentations at school and fund-raising with things like handmade stationery sales and lemonade stands (their biggest single day record was $1,300).
Now, with their parents, they are planning to travel to Kenya, hopefully this summer, to visit the conservation organizations they support, including the David Sheldrick Wildlife Trust and Retiti Elephant Sanctuary.
“It’s important because, on the one hand, we know a lot, but we’re also so removed from that environment,” Isabella said. “And we don’t really know a lot about the people who are actually living there and their side of the story so that would be really helpful to go there and learn about.”
“One of our big things is information and having people understand what the problem is, so I think it would help to document a trip there,” added Willow, who has been studying Swahili during the pandemic.
Roads to self-discovery
Over the summer, road trips emerged as relatively safe ways to travel by limiting interactions with strangers. But if travelers once motored off to meet other people before the pandemic, now social distancing demands have fed trips of self-reflection.
That’s the case for Randy Buescher, 66, an architect in Chicago, who is planning a road trip to New Orleans via Mobile, Ala., where he was born and lived for the first three years before his family moved north. He hasn’t been back since.
“I don’t know if I do or don’t have any memories,” of Mobile, he said. “You don’t know until you see a place.”
He hopes to take the trip sometime in the next year with his wife, Janet Roderick, 58, a real estate agent, and any of their four adult children who care to join them. For her, the 2020 election, when traditionally conservative Georgia swung blue, makes the region more intriguing.
“I’m interested in seeing what this New South is all about,” she said.
As more of the country gets the vaccine, some are planning epic road trips to connect with friends and family they haven’t seen anywhere in the past year other than Zoom.
“I just want to go see friends,” said Susan Moynihan, 53, a writer in Annapolis, Md., who is planning a trip to the final six states she hasn’t visited in the United States as her first post-vaccination trip. “It’s about one-on-one connection with friends and places I want to get to know better.”
‘We want to taste as much of the world as we can’
For many, 2020 was a lost year in travel. For those with travel goals post-retirement, the urge to seize the day has gained urgency.
“If you’re my age, you want to go on these trips because you don’t know how long you’ll be able to do them,” said Brad Gray, 60, a former insurance underwriter in Vancouver, British Columbia, who was midway down the African continent on a transcontinental bike ride last March when the coronavirus cut his plans short.
This summer, he plans to ride roughly 3,800 miles coast to coast in Canada from Vancouver to Halifax with TDA Cycling over more than two months beginning in June. The rigor of the trip gave him a fitness mandate during the pandemic and the itinerary offered an opportunity to see places at home he’d never visited, including the French-speaking province of Quebec.
“Being a Canadian, I’ve always had a goal to go across country and see the thing,” he said. “It’s sort of a romantic notion of discovering the country.”
If the travel hiatus was frustrating, it also offered a chance to plan. Robert Suskind and Leslie Lewinter-Suskind, 83 and 80, have visited more than 90 countries and lived in several of them as Mr. Suskind pursued a career in medicine.
Now retired, the couple is currently living in Los Angeles and waiting to get the vaccine before they can continue to travel with the goal of “seeing places we haven’t been, like Azerbaijan,” Ms. Lewinter-Suskind said.
“We want to taste as much of the rest of the world as we can,” she added. “We were a little ad-lib in the past, and now we have a sense of direction.”
During his Underground Railroad ride, John Shackelford, the New York City cyclist, learned a lot about what he could do, pushing himself to endure an often hot and grimy 1,100 miles. He also learned not to ride after dark in the South and never ride alone there.
While the film documenting the ride is in postproduction, Mr. Shackelford is already planning his next mission-driven trip: traveling cross-country by bus next summer to distribute free bikes to people of color.
“I want to communicate that anyone can ride a bike and feel the exact same high as I felt,” he said. “It doesn’t matter how much money you have or if it’s a fancy bike or a cheap bike, just have a good time, and benefit health-wise.”
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